Mandatory public service is an interesting idea - but how do you specify that the public service can't be served within the church. After all, churches to many people, mean good things.
As for 'allowing' homeschool, phooey.
Homeschooling is the most traditional method of education and for the vast majority, it works stupendously well.
No fewer than 14 US Presidents were homeschooled and many (most?) founding fathers. Douglas MacArthur was homeschooled. DaVinci was homeschooled. At least four US Supreme Court Justices were homeschooled (including Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.) Pierre Curie, Albert Einstein, TH Huxley and Booker T Washington were homeschooled. Claude Monet, Grandma Moses, Andrew Wyeth and William Blake were homeschooled. Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Benjamin Franklin, William Lear (lear jets), Eli Whitney and the Wright brothers were homeschooled. Irving Berlin, Noel Coward, Mozart and John Philip Sousa were homeschooled. Hans Christian Anderson, Pearl S. Buck, Agatha Christie, Mark Twain, Charles Dickens, Robert Frost, Alex Haley and CS Lewis were homeschooled. George Bernard Shaw and Walt Whitman were homeschooled. Presidents of Smith, Yale, Columbia, Stanford, Princeton and Texas A&M were homeschooled. Louis Armstrong, Whoopi Goldberg, Jennifer Love Hewitt and LeAnne Rimes were homeschooled. Andrew Carnegie, Colonel Sanders, Dave Thomas(Wendy's), Ray Kroc and Joseph Pulizer (Pulizer Prize) were homeschooled. Clara Barton, JJ Audubon, Susan B Anthony, Ansel Adams, Mary Leakey, Florence Nighingale and Thomas Paine were homeschooled. Will Rogers was homeschooled. Gloria Steinem, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Albert Schweitzer were homeschooled. Frank Lloyd Wright was homeschooled. With No Oversight. ...and somehow they turned out alright. Were there homeschooled 'losers'? Sure. But WAY more winners and homeschooled without the benefit of government oversight.
Educational Oversight? Forbid the thought! But really, you're not interested in education. You're interested in Child Protective Services. Please stop confusing the two. Rock on in pushing for the CPS or whatever, but keep the educational shackles off of perfectly healthy, happy kids, eh?
In any event, here are the homeschooling rules for Utah:
53A-11-102 . Minors exempt from school attendance.
(1) A school-age minor may be excused from attendance by the local board of education and a parent exempted from application of Subsections 53A-11-101 (2) and (3) for any of the following reasons:
(a) a minor over age 16 may receive a partial release from school to enter employment if the minor has completed the eighth grade. Minors excused under this subsection are required to attend part-time schooling or home schooling as prescribed by the board; or
(b) on an annual basis, a minor may receive a full release from attending a public, regularly established private, or part-time school or class if:
(i) the minor has already completed the work required for graduation from high school, or has demonstrated mastery of required skills and competencies in accordance with Subsection 53A-15-102 (1);
(ii) the minor is taught at home in the subjects prescribed by the State Board of Education in accordance with the law for the same length of time as minors are required by law to be taught in the district schools;
(iii) the minor is in a physical or mental condition, certified by a competent physician if required by the district board, which renders attendance inexpedient and impracticable;
(iv) proper influences and adequate opportunities for education are provided in connection with the minor's employment; or
(v) the district superintendent has determined that a minor over the age of 16 is unable to profit from attendance at school because of inability or a continuing negative attitude toward school regulations and discipline.
(2) In each case, evidence of reasons for granting an exemption must be sufficient to satisfy the local board.
(3) Boards excusing minors from attendance shall issue a certificate stating that the minor is excused from attendance during the time specified on the certificate.
Amended by Chapter 99, 1999 General Session
So, there's oversight. They require the family go before a school board, prove they teach the same courses for the same length of time (what a crock!) as a public school. There's your biology, your lit., your foreign languages, etc. I wouldn't want to live in Utah, 'cause the gov't shouldn't interfere in the education of my child. Well, there are other reasons, but that one's good enough for now.
Actually, I don't know Tom Green. He sounds like a sicko, but there are more public school parents who molest and impregnate their children (and don't get caught by anyone in the PS system) than sicko homeschooling parents. Shoot, Public School TEACHERS molest their students. There were two of 'em in the news just recently. At least one was impregnated by a 13 year old boy. Maybe we should do away with public school teachers...or provide some 'oversight' for the poor kids in public school. Sure couldn't hurt. (tongue in cheek, 'cause it sure didn't help!)
I'm all for not abandoning kids who need to get away from bad parents, but that intervention has NOTHING to do with public school or private school or homeschooling. It has Everything to do with CPS. If you see a kid in trouble, call CPS. If you think they need their horizons widened, take 'em to the library, the movies or even for a good long chat.
Maybe some folks think more invasive oversight of homeschooling is the easiest answer... but it's not. I mean, it's not the answer at all. It won't solve anything. Parents will still take their kids off-radar and do what they want. Instead of public school, they'll start a private school and send the kids there for the mandi two years (while other kids have to suffer through in PS.)
Stop throwing the baby out with the bathwater. You're throwing out reams of good, because there's a small bit of bad. Find another way to excise the bad, but leave the good alone. (and get more educated on non-sicko homeschoolers, eh? We're pretty great people!)
Suggested reading: anything and everything by John Taylor Gatto, 'Doing School' by Denise Clark Pope and just about anything by Grace Llewellyn. Check your library.